A New Climate for Peace

Taking Action on Climate and Fragility Risks

This independent report, commissioned by the G7 members, identifies seven compound climate-fragility risks that pose serious threats to the stability of states and societies in the decades ahead. Based on a thorough assessment of existing policies on climate change adaptation, development cooperation and humanitarian aid, and peacebuilding, the report recommends that the G7 take concrete action, both as individual members and jointly, to tackle climate-fragility risks and increase resilience to them.


Resilience Compass

When climate change exacerbates conflicts and crises, resilience must be the compass for foreign policy. The Resilience Compass features news, reflections and opinions on climate change and fragility, with contributions from the Wilson Center’s New Security Beat, International Alert and guest authors.


Factbook, Readings, Events

This collection of resources complements and extends the analysis of the report. It contains an interactive factbook allowing users to explore case studies from around the world and provides background readings and contextualized report and event summaries.

Thematic Reading

G7 Germany
International Alert
The Wilson Center

Environmental peacebuilding: What is it good for?

29 May, 2018 by Nina Engwicht (Peace Academy Rhineland-Palatinate)

Environmental peacebuilding strives to reduce conflict risks associated with natural resources and to enable societies to profit fully from their natural resource wealth. In order to be successful, it must follow a context-sensitive approach. Nina Engwicht shows that, in Sierra Leone, the environmental risk factors for conflict have only been addressed at the surface.

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Guest Writers climate change gender biodiversity & livelihoods climate and conflict

From trafficking to unemployment – climate change hits women in the Himalayas

07 November, 2017 by Amarjyoti Borah (Centre for Environment, Social and Policy Research)

As climate change kicks in, mountain residents are severely impacted by environmental changes, such as fluctuations in crop cycles. Women, who already struggle under the burden of unequal power relations, are much more vulnerable to climate impacts than men. Local researchers have now investigated how climate change acts as stressor in the lives of women and girls in Assam, and how it increases existing gender inequalities.

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Guest Writers Australia climate security Indo-Pacific islands

Australia should lead, not sleep walk, on climate security in the Indo-Pacific

13 June, 2017 by Rob Sturrock (Centre for Policy Development)

Internationally, Australia resides in the region worst affected by climate change, a so called ‘disaster alley’. Robert Sturrock from the Centre of Policy Development argues that policy action to address climate vulnerabilities in Australia and the Indo-Pacific is not sufficient, and that Australia should offer leadership to encourage regional cooperation and prepare for climate crises.

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Guest Writers climate resilience conflict prevention UN funding finance

The UN Wants to Respond to Climate Change and Prevent Conflict, But When?

08 June, 2017 by Jonathan Rozen


Climate change, civil conflict, and violent extremism are among the most significant threats to global human development, peace, and security. UN-led plans to address all three require immediate action to prevent future crises, yet crucial investments may not yield tangible results for years to come—well beyond democratic term limits. Jonathan Rozen reflects on tensions between long-term planning and short-term action.

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Guest Writers food security disaster development early warning

Seizing the Moment: Translating Early Warnings into Early Actions

13 March, 2017 by Andreas Wüstenberg (FAO)

Extreme weather events and climate variability threaten millions of livelihoods. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization is developing a new tool that helps attenuate the impact of disasters before they occur. Andreas Wüstenberg, FAO Programme Officer for Early Warning Early Action, explains how it works and what results the team obtained from first projects.

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Guest Writers Liberia peacebuilding environmental peacemaking resilience finance adaptation Green Climate Fund UN Africa funding

Liberia: Climate Change Adaptation Offers Peacebuilding Plan

21 December, 2016 by Jonathan Rozen

Recognizing the risks to development posed by climate change and lessons learned on integrating environmental governance and peacebuilding, implementation of Liberia’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP) with cooperation from climate finance institutions offers an opportunity to plan and create an environment for sustainable peace, explains Jonathan Rozen.

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Guest Writers forests Asia conflict China governance fragility

Bridging the Gap Between Forestry and Peacebuilding: Insights from Myanmar

15 December, 2016 by Clemence Finaz and Saw Doh Wah

Acute competition to access valuable resources in forested areas in Myanmar has, amongst other factors, contributed to large-scale deforestation and environmental degradation. This has had disastrous consequences for local communities dependent upon these forests for food, water, fuel, shelter and income.

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Guest Writers livelihoods Kenya adaptation conflict development COP22 resilience

Conflict in Context: Land subdivision in Kenya compounds climate costs

28 November, 2016 by Jonathan Rozen

Sustaining peace in Kenya’s Kajiado County requires looking beyond climate change and recognizing the role of land privatization in pastoralists’ vulnerability. Author Jonathan Rozen illustrates how climate change acts as a threat multiplier, exacerbating challenges such as economic precariousness, water shortage and violent land disputes.

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Guest Writers Egypt Kenya urbanization Habitat III New Urban Agenda SDGs resilience

Urbanisation, youth bulge and climate change: Understanding connected drivers of fragility in urban settings

23 November, 2016 by Clémence Finaz

Following last month’s United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III) in Quito, Ecuador, it is worth raising attention to the key challenges and opportunities that the urbanisation process imposes on peaceful development. In fragile contexts, such as urban areas which are already highly exposed to multiple risks (including climate change, disasters, chronic poverty, insecurity and population displacement), the converging effects of climate change and growing youth populations can severely affect security risks.

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Guest Writers Haiti climate change urbanization migration Habitat III

Multifaceted crisis scenario in fragile cities: the case of Haiti

22 November, 2016 by Clémence Finaz

Haiti Port-au-Prince

A greater understanding of the relationship between climate change, migration, cities and conflict is required in the global research community. Clemence Finaz, a Research Associate at International Alert, illustrates the complexities of a densely-populated city’s vulnerability to compound risks, including climate-related disaster and a high level of insecurity using the case example of Port-au-Prince, Haiti.

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Guest Writers resilience adaptation climate change development Kenya UN urbanization

Habitat III and the New Urban Agenda – Lessons on Understanding Risk and Building Resilience

19 October, 2016 by Shreya Mitra and Joe Mulligan

This week, Heads of State will formally adopt a ‘New Urban Agenda’ in Quito, Ecuador. It will be the outcome document agreed upon at the third United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III) that aims to set the narrative for development in human settlements for the next ten to 20 years.

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